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UPSC Current Affairs – 26-02-2019

In News:
Samples excavated from the Adichanallur site in Thoothukudi have been sent for carbon dating test to laboratories in the U.S. and New Delhi and the results would be available in a month’s time.

Explained:
Adichanallur in southern Tamil Nadu has been an active playground of archaeologists and anthropologists for more than 150 years. The possible implications of recent research on skeletal remains and artefacts that suggest an ancient Tamil civilisation of great sophistication and
antiquity.Korkai the capital of the Early Pandyan Kingdom is located about 15 km from Adichanallur. In 2004, a number of skeletons dating from around 1800 BCE were found buried in earthenware urns. These urns also contained writing, which according to some ASI archaeologists, is rudimentary Tamil Brahmi. Recent dating of lower level burial urn were around 2500BC, some burial urn has found with skeleton of austroliod, aboriginals, mongoloids, Caucasian and Mediterranean. Most of these suffered seafaring. The script might date back to circa 500 BCE, subject to confirmation by Carbon-14 dating which is more reliable.Later, a three-tier burial system was discovered in which earlier generations were buried in urns at 10 feet depth and
recent ones above them. Soon the habitation site of the people who were buried was also discovered recently. At one point in time, around 169 clay urns containing human skeletons were unearthed that dates back to at-least 3,800 years.
Analyzing the habitation site, it was understood that people lived in afortified town and it had a separate potters’ quarters. There was also evidence of industrial activity and archaeologists think that it was acrowded busy town.

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