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In news:

A team of Indian scientists from Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Punehave identified a total of 150 inhibitory molecules which can block the activity of the Nipahvirus proteins. As many as 72- 86% of individuals who were infected with the virus in Bangladesh and India had died.In May 2018, the outbreak claimed lives of 21 of the 23 infected people in Kerala.

About Nipah:

  • Nipah virus is a zoonotic virus (transmitted from animals to humans) and can also be transmitted through contaminated food or directly between people. The virus can also cause severe disease in animals such as pigs, resulting in significant economic losses for farmers.
  • It was first identified in 1998 at Kampung Sungai Nipah village, Malaysia. The virus is named after this village.
  • It causes respiratory illness and Inflammation of the brain (encephalitis).

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