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In News:

The Ministry of External Affairs to hold the 6th edition of the Indian Ocean Dialogue (IOD) on December 13.

In Brief:

  • During the summit, member states will hold high-level discussions on the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) role within the Indo-Pacific.
  • The Indian Ocean Rim region, like the Asia-Pacific to the east, is among the world’s most vital in terms of global commerce, energy, environmental and geopolitical stability.
  • Almost half of the world’s container ships and two-thirds of the world’s oil shipments pass through the Indian Ocean Rim region, which is home to around 2.7 billion people.

Indian Ocean Rim Association:

  • The Indian Ocean Rim Association was set up with the objective of strengthening regional cooperation and sustainable development within the Indian Ocean Region
  • The IORA is a regional forum, tripartite in nature, bringing together representatives of Government, Business and Academia, for promoting cooperation and closer interaction among them.
  • It is based on the principles of Open Regionalism for strengthening Economic Cooperation particularly on Trade Facilitation and Investment, Promotion as well as Social Development of the region.
  • India, Australia, Iran, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, South Africa,
  • Mozambique, Kenya, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Bangladesh, Singapore, Mauritius,
  • Madagascar, UAE, Yemen, Seychelles, Somalia, Comoros and Oman are among the members of IORA.

Indian Ocean Dialogue:

  • The Indian Ocean Dialogue (IOD) is a flagship initiative of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), with its origins in the 13th Council of Ministers meeting, held in November 2013 in Perth, Australia.
  • The first IOD was held in Kerala, India in 2014, and has been followed by two others to date: in Perth, Australia in 2015 and Padang, Indonesia in 2016, respectively.
  • Discussions included far ranging topics such as economic cooperation, maritime safety and security, blue economy, human assistance and disaster relief, etc. and resulted in the Kochi, Perth and Padang Consensuses each.
  • Today, the IOD is established in its role as a stand-alone Track 1.5 discussion, encouraging an open and free flowing dialogue by key representatives of IORA Member States such as scholars, experts, analysts, and policy makers from governments, think tanks and civil societies on a number of crucial strategic issues of the Indian Ocean Region.

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