Preaload Image

In news:

The Supreme Court in its interim order allowed the plea of the Karnataka government for implementation of the final award by a tribunal for sharing of water between Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra from the Mahadayiriver.

About the tribunal:

  • The Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal was constituted in 2010.
  • The tribunal had passed the order on August 14, 2018, allocating 13.42 TMC water (including 3.9 TMC for diversion into the depleted Malaprabha river basin) from the Mahadayi river basin to Karnataka.
  • Maharashtra was allotted 1.33 TMC water while Goa was given 24 TMC water.

Current Issue:

  • Karnataka had petitioned the tribunal seeking the release of 7.56 tmcft of water for the Kalasa-BanduriNala (diversion) project.
  • The project involves building barrages across Kalasa and Banduri, the tributaries of the Mahadayi River to divert 7.56 tmc water to the Malaprabhariver, to improve drinking water supply to the twin cities of Hubballi-Dharwad and the districts of Belagavi and Gadag.

About R.Mandovi:

  • Also known as Mandovi or Mhadei river, is described as the lifeline of the Indian state of Goa
  • It joins with the Zuari at a common creek at CaboAguada, forming the Mormugao harbour.
  • It originates from a cluster of 30 springs at Bhimgad in the Western Ghats in the Belagavi district of Karnataka.
  • Dudhsagar Falls is located on it.

CAA Will Cause Muslims To Face Exclusion: US Panel

In News:

The United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) released a fact sheet on the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA).

In Brief:

  • The report highlights BJP’s anti-Muslim sentiment influencing the laws of the land.
  • The report expresses concerns that the CAA serves as a protective measure for non-Muslims in case of exclusion from the NRC.
  • It links the politicisation of the laws by the BJP to the fact that the party’s support for the NRC process quickly faltered in Assam when both Muslims and Hindus were excluded.
  • As per current USCIRF rankings, India is a Tier 2 country in terms of religious freedom (the second poorest ranking group) and China is a Tier 1 ‘Country of Particular Concern’ (the category that fares poorest in terms of religious freedoms).


  • The United States Commission on International Religious Freedom is a U.S. federal government commission created by the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998.
  • USCIRF Commissioners are appointed by the President and the leadership of both political parties in the Senate and the House of Representatives.
  • USCIRF researches and monitors international religious freedom issues.The Commission is authorized to travel on fact-finding missions to other countries and hold public hearings

Economy Needs More Monetary Stimukud Says Shaktikanta

In brief:

  • Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Shaktikanta Das, stating he had observed certain ‘green shoots,’ also acknowledged that the economy needed a further monetary stimulus, thus indicating the central bank was open to cutting interest rates.
  • These are the minutes of the monetary policy committee (MPC) meeting held early in February.
  • The six-member MPC unanimously voted for status quo at the February policy review on the back of an uptick in inflation.
  • The MPC decided to continue with the ‘accommodative’ stance.

CJI Alarmed At Hasty Death Warrants

Chief Justice of India expressed alarm about trial courts issuing death warrants in undue haste without offering condemned prisoners a chance to exhaust their efforts for commutation or clemency.

In Brief:

  • Heading a three-judge Bench, the CJI sought to know from Solicitor-General, why “black warrants” were being issued in a hurry despite judgments of the Supreme Court specifying that condemned men ought to be allowed the legal and administrative remedies available to them under the Constitution.
  • The court referred to its May 2015 judgment, which had quoted a saying ascribed to Emperor Ashoka that the ‘state should not punish with vengeance’.
  • It also highlighted the fact that punishment involving death is irreversible.


  • The government has recently asked the court to frame “victim and society centric” guidelines to prevent delays in the execution of condemned prisoners.
  • The plea for new guidelines referred to how the convicts in the Nirbhaya case have “misused” the maze-like legal process in death penalty cases to delay the execution of their death sentences.

About Black warrant:

  • Death warrant, also known as a black warrant, identifies the convict who has been sentenced to death, the case, the day of his or her awarded death penalty and the court that confirmed the punishment.
  • The Black Warrant is part of a list of forms in the Code of Criminal Procedure that lays down the procedure for investigating a crime, collecting evidence, determining the innocence or guilt of the accused and handing out punishments.
  • The Black Warrant, titled ‘Warrant of Execution of a Sentence of Death’, is the 42nd form on the list.