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In News

Transparency International – a German based NGO has released its 2019 edition of “Global Corruption Perception Index”

In brief

  • India’s ranking in the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI-2019) has slipped from 78 to 80 compared to the year 2018.
  • First launched in 1995 by the Transparency International, the Index has been widely credited with putting the issue of corruption on the international policy agenda.

Transparency International:

  • Transparency International, an international non-governmental organization which is based in Berlin, Germany was founded in 1993.
  • It is a non-profit purpose is to take action to combat corruption and prevent criminal activities arising from Corruption.
  • Other report published by Transparency International is Global Corruption Barometer.

‘Rising CO2 Levels May Double Floods, Storms’

In news

The report “Impacts of Carbon Dioxide Emissions on Global Intense Hydro-meteorological Disasters” has established a link between climate change and the rising incidence of hydro-meteorological events, specifically floods and storms across the world.

In brief

  • The report has collected climate data from 155 countries over 46 years (1970 to 2016).
  • The analysis is based on econometric modelling which involves accounting for a country’s vulnerability to hazards, its Gross Domestic Product (GDP), population density and changes in mean rainfall.
  • Hydrometeorological disasters include floods, droughts, hurricanes, tornadoes, landslides, etc.
  • Extreme disaster is termed as one that causes 100 or more fatalities and/or affects 1,000 or more people).
  • The risk of extreme floods or storms could double every 13 years at the rate carbon-dioxide concentrations are building up in the atmosphere.

Nepal Invites Modi, Imran For Sagarmatha Dialogue

In news

Nepal has invited the Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan along with several other heads of govt and heads of state for the Sagarmatha Sambaad.

In brief

  • SagarmathaSambad is an initiative of the Government of Nepal to host a permanent biennial global dialogue starting from 2020.
    • It is expected to be the biggest diplomatic initiative in Nepal’s recent history.
    • It was established in 2019 and is headquartered in Kathmandu (Nepal).
    • The Sambad (dialogue) is named after the world’s tallest mountain Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) which is also a symbol of friendship and is meant to promote the notions of the common good and collective well-being of humanity.
    • It is a multi-stakeholder dialogue forum committed to deliberate on the most prominent issues of global, regional and national significance.
    • The first edition of SagarmathaSambad will be held in Kathmandu from 2 to 4 April 2020 featuring the theme ‘Climate Change, Mountains and the Future of Humanity’

PRELIMS BITS

Myanmar must take steps to protect its minority Rohingya population, the top UN court unanimously ruled