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Current Affairs – 23-04-2019

Earth Day:

Earth Day is celebrated on April 22, when people worldwide bring awareness to protecting our environment.

USA is credited with creating the first Earth Day. On April 22, 1970, it is said that almost 20 million Americans took to the streets to raise awareness and protest practices that harm the environment.

The Paris Climate Agreement was signed in New York on April 22, 2016. The agreement aims to have countries work together on reducing greenhouse gases. In 2017, President Donald Trump withdrew from the deal.

In news:

Scientists have proposed a policy called “A Global Deal for Nature” (GDN), to prevent another mass extinction event on the planet. According to them, saving the diversity and abundance of life on the earth may cost $100 billion a year.

GDN is a time-bound, science-based plan to save the diversity and abundance of life on Earth.

There have been five mass extinctions in the history of the earth. Society must urgently come to grips this coming decade to stop the very first human-made biodiversity catastrophe.

Earth Overshoot Day:

Humanity is devouring our planet’s resources in increasingly destructive volumes. The overshoot began in the 1970s, when rising populations and increasing average demands pushed consumption beyond a sustainable level.As a result, the Earth Overshoot Day – which marks the point at which consumption exceeds the capacity of nature to regenerate has moved forward two days to 1 August, the earliest date ever recorded.

To maintain our current appetite for resources, we would need the equivalent of 1.7 Earths, according to Global Footprint Network, an international research organisation that makes an annual assessment of how far humankind is falling into ecological debt.

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