1. SUBMARINE INS KALVARI COMMISSIONED INTO INDIAN NAVY FLEET ABOUT KALVARI
The diesel-electric submarine is designed by French naval defense and energy company DCNS. The 1,565-tonne submarine is named after the dreaded tiger shark, a deadly deep sea predator of the Indian Ocean.
The submarine boasts of superior stealth features such as advanced acoustic silencing techniques, low radiated noise levels, hydro-dynamically optimised shape and the ability to launch a crippling attack on the enemy using precision-guided weapons, according to MDL.
The submarine, which has a speed of 20 knots, is equipped with sea-skimming SM-39 Exocet missiles and heavy-weight wire-guided surface and underwater target torpedoes.
The submarine was handed over to the Indian Navy by MDL in September this year. It underwent around 120 days of extensive sea trials and tests for various equipment. This is first of the six Scorpene-class submarines handed over by MDL in Mumbai. The six submarines are being built as part of the Rs 23,652 crore “Project-75” of the Indian Navy.
2. NGT ON SILENCE ZONE
The National Green Tribunal (NGT) issued a clarification on the Amarnath matter saying it’s not declared a ‘silence zone’, and that silence restriction will not apply on Aarti and other rituals. The green tribunal said the only restriction is that devotees will maintain silence in front of Shivlinga, not applicable to any other part.
BACKGROUND: The Amarnath cave shrine is considered one of the major holy shrines by the Hindus. The cave itself is covered with snow most of the year barring a short period of time in summer when it is opened for pilgrims. Earlier NGT bench had banned the chanting of mantras at Amarnath temple and issued a slew of orders to be implemented by the Amarnath Shrine Board.