Home » UPSC Current Affairs – 27-02-2019

UPSC Current Affairs – 27-02-2019

In News:
12 IAF Mirage-2000 fighter jets unleash five one-tonne payloads since, 200-325 militants had moved there from the LoC after the Pulwama attack.
Government calls it “non-military, pre-emptive” operation.

Explained:

Twelve days after the Pulwama attack, the Indian Air Force bombed the Jaish-e-Mohammad’s biggest terror-training camp in Pakistan’s Balakot.
The operation was carried out by 12 Mirage-2000 fighter jets, which unleashed five one-tonne bombs on the camp,based 70 km inside the LoC, in the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakthunkhwa. The JeM facility was particularly crowded with 200-325 militants as many had abandoned launch pads and training camps closer to the LoC after the Pulwama attack in the expectation that India would not target Balakot.
The aerial attack on a target inside Pakistani territory marks a major shift in India’s counter-terror responses, which have thus far been restricted to ground operations across the LoC in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.Credible intelligence was received that JeM would attempt another suicide terror attack, and jihadis were being trained for this purpose.

In the face of imminent danger, a pre-emptive strike became absolutely necessary, since a very large number of JeM terrorists, trainers, senior commanders and groups of jihadis, who were being trained for fidayeen action, were eliminated in the operation.

Line of Control:
When Pakistani Army intruded Princely state of Jammu and Kashmir in October 1947, it led to First Kashmir War (1947-49). Due to UN intervention, ceasefire (de facto) was demarcated between Indian and Pakistani Military in Jammu and Kashmir, which resulted in ending the war
This line divides the Princely States of Jammu and Kashmir into-Jammu, Kashmir Valley, Ladakh (Indian Controlled) & Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan Occupied Kashmir)

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