Why in news?
A group of researchers has discovered a tenth species of the vine snake of genus Ahaetulla after a gap of more than a century.
More on news:
The Ahatetulla laudankia, the newly discovered snake, was first spotted by researchers in Simplipal Biosphere reserve of Odisha.
About Simplipal Biosphere reserve:
- It comprises of the entire Simplipal sanctuary, the adjoining Nato and Satkoshia Reserve forests.
- Simplipal is in the eastern end of the eartern ghats and classified in the Chhotanagpur biotic province of the Mahanadian bio-geographic region.
- The prominent rivers flowing in this reserve include Budhabalanga, Kharkai river and Deo river.
- Two permanent waterfalls namely Barehipani and Joranda is present within this reserve.
- The elephant population of Simplipal is the major surving concentration of the Central-Indian population.
- Other important fauna of this reserve include Bengal Tiger (IUCN status – endangered), Gaurs(IUCN status – Vulnerable), Fishing Cat (IUCN status -, Leopard Cat, Chousingha or four-horned antelope (IUCN status – Vulnerable).
- Important tribes living in this region are Kharias,Gondhs, Santhal, Kolarian, Mundari etc.
- This reserve is part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves since 2009.