The fall of Baghouz brings to a close a nearly five-year global campaign against the Islamic State that raged in two countries, spanned two U.S. presidencies and saw a U.S.-led coalition unleash more than 1,00,000 strikes. But sleeper cells of group are still active.
The campaign has left a trail of destruction in cities in Iraq and Syria, likely killed tens of thousands and drove hundreds of thousands from their homes.
It put an end to the militants’ proto-state, which at its height four years ago was the size of Britain and home to some eight million people. But the extremist group still maintains a scattered presence and sleeper cells across Syria and Iraq. It is not known whether the group’s
leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, is still alive or where he might be hiding.
lone-wolf attacks that had little if any connection to its leadership.