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Why in news?

  •  Recent clinical trials show that TAVR therapy can be useful in younger and healther patients, which was primarily reserved
    mostly for old and sick patients.
  • It can serve as a viable alternative for open heart surgery.

In Brief:

About TAVR:

  •  Transcathether aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a minimally invasive procedure to replace a narrowed aortic valve (Aortic
    valve stenosis) that fails to open properly.
  •  Aortic valve stenosis occurs when the heart’s aortic valve narrows. This narrowing prevents the valve from opening fully,
    which obstructs blood flow from your heart into your aorta and onward to the rest of your body.


Why in News?

Recently Taliban terrorists abducted atleast 50 members of the Afghan security forces in Badghis province of Afghanistan.

In Brief:

About Badghis:

It is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the northwest of the country. Recently this area is witnessing heavy Taliban atrocities.

About Talibans:

  • They are a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement and military
    organization in Afghanistan currently waging war within that country.
  •  In 2001, the United States launched the campaign “War on Terror” campaign
    mainly to suppress al-Qaeda and the Talibans.
  • However now the USA is in peace talks with the Talibans inorder to bring
    peace in Afghanistan and neighbouring countries.

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