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World Wide Fund for Nature-India (WWF-India) and the Centre-funded Wildlife Institute of India (WII)has embarked on a project to create DNA profiles of all rhinos in the country by 2021.

The exercise would be useful in curbing poaching and gathering evidence in wildlife crimes involving rhinos.

About Indian one-horned Rhinoceros:

  • It is also the second-largest living rhinoceros, behind only the white rhinoceros.
  • There are about 2,600 rhinos in India, with more than 90% of the population concentrated in Assam’s Kaziranga National Park.
  • IUCN status: Vulnerable.
  • The rhino’s most important habitat, alluvialgrassland and riverine forest, is considered to be in decline due to human and livestock encroachment.

About WWF:

  • Founded in 1961 it is headquartered in Gland, Switzerland.
  • To stop the degradation of the planet’s natural environment and build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature, by:
  • • Conserving the world’s biological diversity
    • Ensuring that the use of renewable natural resources is sustainable
    • Promoting the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption

  • World’s largest conservation organization with over five million supporters worldwide
  • The Living Planet Report is published every two years by WWF

About WII:

  • It is an Autonomous Institution of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change established in 1982 in Dehradun.
  • It offers training program, academic courses and advisory in wildlife research and management.
  • WII has a research facility which includes Forensics, Remote Sensing and GIS, Laboratory, Herbarium, and an Electronic Library.

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