1.Much to gain if Paris climate goals are met
Why in News?
India could save at least $3 trillion (Rs. 210 trillion approx.) in healthcare costs if it implemented policy initiatives consistent with ensuring that the globe didn’t heat up beyond 1.5 degrees Celsius by the turn of the century, says the sixth edition of the Global Environmental Outlook (GEO), prepared by the United Nations Environment Programme.
Significant of the report:
- The poor environmental conditions cause approximately 25% of global disease and mortality, around 9 million deaths in 2015 alone.
- 4 million People die each year from preventable diseases such as diarrhoea and parasites (due to the intake of polluted waters).
- Air pollution causes 6-7 million early deaths annually.
- Food wasteaccounts for 9% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
Global Environment Outlook (GEO):
- The Global Environment Outlook (GEO) is often referred to as UN Environment’s flagship environmental assessment.
- The first publication was in 1997 and was originally requested by Member States.
- It is a flagship report because it fulfills the core functions of the organization, which date back to the UN General Assembly resolution that established the UN Environment Programme in 1972.
- The Global Environment Outlook (GEO) is a consultative and participatory process to prepare an independent assessment of the state of the environment, the effectiveness of the policy response to address these environmental challenges and the possible pathways to be achieve various internationally agreed environmental goals.
- The process also builds capacity for conducting integrated environmental assessments and reporting on the state, trends and outlooks of the environment.
- The Global Environment Outlook (GEO) is also a series of products that informs environmental decision-making for not only governments but also various stakeholders such as the youth, businesses and local governments and aims to facilitate the interaction between science and policy.