- The WHO has partnered with the International Food and Beverage Alliance (IFBA) to achieve elimination of Trans fat from the industrially produced global food supply by 2023.
- IFBA membersdeceided to ensure that the amount of industrial trans fat in their products does not exceed 2 grams per 100 grams fat/oil globally by 2023.
About Trans fat:
Trans fat, also called the worst form of fat in food, responsible for over 5,00,000 deaths globally from coronary heart disease each year.
- There are two broad types of trans fats found in foods:
- Naturally-occurring trans fats are produced in the gut of some animals and foods made from these animals (e.g., milk and
- meat products) may contain small quantities of these fats.
- Artificial trans fats (or trans fatty acids) are created in an industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to
- make them more solid.
- Trans fats are easy to use, inexpensive to produce and last a long time.
- Itgive foods a desirable taste and texture.
- Many restaurants and fast-food outlets use trans fats to deep-fry foods because oils with trans fats can be used many times
- in commercial fryers.
- Trans fats raise your bad (LDL) cholesterol levels and lower your good (HDL) cholesterol levels. Eating trans fats increases
- your risk of developing heart disease and stroke.
- It’s also associated with a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
REPLACE initiative of WHO:
REPLACE provides a six-step action package for the global elimination of trans fat. This package supports governments to ensure the prompt, complete, and sustained elimination of industrially-produced trans fat from the food supply.
- Review dietary sources of industrially-produced trans fat and the landscape for required policy change.
- Promote the replacement of industrially-produced trans fat with healthier
- fats and oils.
- Legislate or enact regulatory actions to eliminate industrially-produced
- trans fat.
- Assess and monitor trans fat content in the food supply and changes in
- trans fat consumption in the population.
- Create awareness of the negative health impact of trans fat among
- policy-makers, producers, suppliers, and the public.
- Enforce compliance with policies and regulations.