Jallianwalla bagh massacre (1919)
Why In News :
Among the events planned in the city to mark the 100th anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh massacre, CM Amarinder Singh is expected to take part in a candle march in Amritsar on April 12. Vice President Venkaiah Naidu is slated to address a gathering at Jallianwala Bagh on April 13
In Brief :
- Also known as Amritsar massacre, it took place on 13 April 1919 when troops of the British Indian Army under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer fired rifles into a crowd of Indians, who had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab.
- The unarmed crowd was protesting against the arrest of two local leaders Saiffudin Kichlew and Satyapal and the notorious Rowlatt Act.
- According to the official estimates the number of dead was around 400 but in reality it was more than 1500.
- Gandhi withdrew his anti-rowlatt satyagraha movement on April 19, 1919 and called it a “Himalayan Blunder”.
- On May 30,1919, Rabindranth Tagore renounced his knighthood title awarded by British.
- Gandhi returned the Kaiser-i-Hind Gold medal given to him for his work during Boer War in South Africa. THE HUNTER COMMITTEE OF INQUIRY (1919)
- Formed as Disorders Inquiry Committee on October 14, 1919 which came to called as Hunter Committee after the chairman, Lord William Hunter.
- Indian members of the committee: Sir Chimanlal Harilal Setalvad, Pandit Jagat Narayan, Sardar Sahibzada Sultan
- The final report of the committee condemned Dyer’s actions, but the committee did not impose any penal or disciplinary action.
- Also the government had passed an Indemnity Act for the protection of its officers.