1.Adopting electric two-wheelers in India
Why in News?
Cumulative electric vehicles (EVs) on road crossed the four million-mark and the Tesla Model 3 became the best-selling premium vehicle, delivering over 1,40,000 vehicles in the year.
According to the latest Global Electric Vehicle Outlook published by the International Energy Agency, China has around 250 million electric two-wheelers, with annual sales of 30 million.
Of the total carbon dioxide emissions saved by EVs worldwide, over 80% was due to China’s electric two-wheelers alone.
Two factors are highlighted for this success story in China namely
1. Electric two-wheelers were designated as bicycles, exempting them from registration and requiring a driving licence.
2. Cities placed severe limitations on the use of petrol two-wheelers in the city centres.
Scope to India:
In India, it is very important to electrify two-wheelers, which are about three-fourths of the transportation fleet. By electrifying all the two-wheelers in use, India can avoid about 15% of the total transportation emission and more importantly, about 30% of particulate matter, curbing air pollution.
For an electric two-wheeler, with an electricity price of around Rs. 3-6 per unit, it would cost about Rs. 10–Rs. 30 per 100 km, which is significantly lower.