1.Rajasthan’s Gujjar quota faces a legal challenge:
Why in News?
The Assembly had unanimously passed the Rajasthan Backward Classes (Reservation of Seats in Educational Institutions in the State and of Appointments and Posts in Services under the State) Amendment Bill, 2019, on February 13, 2019, to give 5% reservation to Gujjars and four other nomadic communities in jobs and education in Rajasthan, citing them as being an “extremely backward class”, has run into rough weather.
The Bill had breached the 50% ceiling on reservation set by Supreme court in Indira Sawhney case. A public interest litigation petition filed in the High Court of Rajasthan.
Previous instance: In 2016 Rajasthan high court struck down, a Rajasthan government notification in October 2015 which gave 5% reservation to the special backward classes (SBCs), including Gujjars. This raised the reservation in the state to 54%, violating the 50%-limit set by the Supreme Court
- Gujjars are a pastoral agricultural ethnic group with populations in India,
- Pakistan, and a small number in northeastern Afghanistan.
- Gurjars have their own language, known as Gujari.
- They variously follow Hinduism, Islam, and Sikhism.
- The Hindu Gurjars are mostly found in Indian states of Rajasthan, Haryana,
- Madhya Pradesh, Punjab Plains and Maharashtra
- The Gurjars are classified as Other Backward Class (OBC) in some of India’s
- States and UTs. In Jammu and Kashmir and some parts of Himachal Pradesh
- they are categorised as a Scheduled Tribe