1.Rajasthan’s Gujjar quota faces a legal challenge:
Why in News?
The Assembly had unanimously passed the Rajasthan Backward Classes (Reservation of Seats in Educational Institutions in the State and of Appointments and Posts in Services under the State) Amendment Bill, 2019, on February 13, 2019, to give 5% reservation to Gujjars and four other nomadic communities in jobs and education in Rajasthan, citing them as being an “extremely backward class”, has run into rough weather.
The Bill had breached the 50% ceiling on reservation set by Supreme court in Indira Sawhney case. A public interest litigation petition filed in the High Court of Rajasthan.
Previous instance: In 2016 Rajasthan high court struck down, a Rajasthan government notification in October 2015 which gave 5% reservation to the special backward classes (SBCs), including Gujjars. This raised the reservation in the state to 54%, violating the 50%-limit set by the Supreme Court