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  • The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) Project is a multi-institutional effort aimed at building a world-class underground laboratory for nuclear physics research in India.
  • It is constructed at Pottipuram in Bodi West hills of Theni District of Tamil Nadu, at an investment of Rs 1,500 crore.
  • The INO project has been marked as a Mega Science Project in the 11th Five year plan.
  • It involves:

    • Construction of a Iron Calorimeter (ICAL) detector for studying neutrinos, consisting of 50000 tons of magnetized iron plates arranged in stacks. Current carrying coils through the detector will produce a magnetic field, magnetizing the entire detector. This is a massive detector weighing 50 ktons and would be the world’s largest electromagnet. Just as a telescope observes the sky through visible light, the ICAL will observe the sky through neutrinos.
    • Setting up of National Centre for High Energy Physics at Madurai, for the operation and maintenance of the underground laboratory, human resource development and detector R&D along with its applications.
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