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On November 27, 2018, Odisha government released lexicons of 21 tribal languages for multilingual education (MLE) purposes for elementary schools in tribal dominated districts.

To bring back the tribal languages in circulation and prevent them from vanishing.

  • This initiative has been prepared by Special Developmentcouncil which will further enhance proficiency in tribal languages.
  • Thus, this step towards tribal proficiency will help in better connection between the government functionaries and the tribal communities.
  • Furthermore, the CM of Odisha,Shri. Naveen Patnaik, announced upgradation of the tribal museum as the Odisha State Tribal Museum.

Odisha is home to the largest number of Scheduled Tribes communities amounting to 62 of different tribal communities including 13 vulnerable tribes. These tribes speak 21 languages and 74 dialects.

Centre okays preliminary report on Mekedatu project


  • The Central Water Commission (CWC) has approved the feasibility report of the nearly ₹6,000-crore Mekedatu multipurpose project across the Cauvery that envisages supplying drinking water to and Ramanagaram districts, besides generation of power.
  • The CWC has asked the Karnataka government, in principle, to prepare and submit a detailed project report (DPR).
  • While it was conceived in 2013, the State Cabinet, had in February 2017, decided to implement the project that involves building of a balancing reservoir across the Cauvery near Kanakapura in Ramanagaram district.
  • The project, however, ran into a controversy after Tamil Nadu opposed it on the grounds that it violated the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal award.

What is Mekedatu dispute?

  • Karnataka intends to build a reservoir across river Cauvery near Mekedatu in Kanakapurataluk. It was first proposed along with Shivanasamudra hydro power project at Shimsa in 2003 with an intention to use the water for a hydro power station and supply drinking water to Bengaluru city.
  • However, Tamil Nadu objected saying Karnataka had not sought prior permission for the project. Its argument was that the project would affect the flow of Cauvery water to Tamil Nadu.


The Central Water Commission (CWC):

  • It is a premier Technical Organization of India in the field of Water Resources and is presently functioning as an attached office of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India.
  • The Commission is entrusted with the general responsibilities of initiating, coordinating and furthering in consultation of the State Governments concerned, schemes for control, conservation and utilization of water resources throughout the country, for purpose of Flood Control, Irrigation, Navigation, Drinking Water Supply and Water Power Development.
  • Central Water Commission CWC is headed by a Chairman, with the status of Ex-Officio Secretary to the Government of India.