Why in news?
- As per a recent study, India was reported to be the fourth largest funder of research and development (R&D) in neglected diseases.
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- However, the same study observes that the policy framework for tackling the neglected diseases is poor in India.
- The study advises India to learn from the global examples of treating the neglected diseases as a separate class for special
- The study believes that these kinds of approaches will arrest the innovation deficit in the neglected diseases sector.
About Neglected Diseases:
- The Neglected Diseases are also called as Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) since most of those diseases occur in the tropical region.
- This category of Neglected diseases was charted for the first time in 1980s by World Health Organisation.
- Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a diverse group of tropical infections which are common in low-income populations in developing regions of Africa, Asia, and the Americas.
- They are caused by a variety of pathogens such as viruses,bacteria, protozoa and helminths.
- These diseases are contrasted with the big three infectious diseases (HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria), which generally receive greater treatment and research funding.
- Some of the Neglected tropical diseases include Leprosy, Rabies, Dengue, Chikungunya, Leishmaniasis, Chagas diseases, Trachoma, Yaws disease etc.