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In news:

  • According to Global Forest Watch, the world lost 12 million hectares of tropical tree cover in 2018. It was the fourth-highest annual decline
    since records began in 2001.
  • In brief:

    •  Much of the loss occurred in primary rainforests. Mature trees that absorb more carbon and are harder to replace.
    •  India has lost over 1.6 million hectare of tree cover between 2001 and 2018, according to a new study released by the World Resources
      Institute (WRI).
    •  Five north-eastern states — Nagaland, Tripura, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Manipur were responsible for over 50% of all tree
      cover loss in the same period
    •  But Global Forest Watch’s findings are vastly different from that of the Forest Survey of India which has been recording a gradual increase in tree and forest cover. According to FSI, in the last two years forest and tree cover has increased by 1% in India.
    •  Indonesia has the world’s third-largest total area of tropical forest and is also the biggest producer of palm oil. Environmentalists blame much of the forest destruction on land clearance for oil palm plantations.

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