Why in news:
- Days just earlier Interpol conducted Operation Epervier II to rescue dozens of child slaves from markets in West Africa.
- The International Criminal Police Organization, more commonly known as Interpol, is an international organization that facilities worldwide police cooperation.
- It was established in 1923 with its headquartered in Lyon, France.
- Around 181 countries are members of this organisation.
- India became its member from 1956 itself.
- To keep it politcaly neutral as possible, its charter forbits it from undertaking interventions or activities of a political, military, religious, or racial nature.
- It work focuses primarily on public safety and battling transnational crimes against humanity, child pornography, cybercrime, drug trafficking,
environmental crime, genocide, human trafficking, illicit drug production.
- It also battles against copyright infringement, missing people, illicit traffic in works of art, intellectual property crime,money laundering, organized crime, corruption, terrorism, war crimes, weapons smuggling, and white-collar crime.
Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights
PepsiCo sued four Gujarati farmers, asking them to pay ₹1.05 crore each as damages for ‘infringing its rights’ by growing the potato variety used in its Lays chips.
Alleging violation of farmers’ rights under the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights (PPV&FR) Act, 2001 by PepsiCo, nearly 200 civil society representatives and farm leaders have written to the Centre for intervention.
PepsiCo has invoked Section 64 of the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights (PPV&FR) Act, 2001 to claim infringement of its rights.
However, farmers groups cite Section 39 of the same Act, which specifically
says that a farmer is allowed “to save, use, sow, resow, exchange, share or sell his farm produce including seed of a variety protected under this Act” so long as he does not sell “branded seed”. The Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights (PPV&FR) Act, 2001: