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  • The National Conference (NC), the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) and the Congress on Thursday launched a scathing attack on Jammu and Kashmir Governor Satya Pal Malik for dissolving the Assembly and BJP general secretary Ram Madhav for his remarks alleging Pakistani support to the alliance.
  • NC vice-president Omar Abdullah justified his “temporary grand alliance with the PDP and the Congress to safeguard the special status of J&K in the Supreme Court.”
  • At a press conference here, he questioned Mr. Malik’s rejection of the move on grounds of “different political ideologies” and asked why the same principle was not applied when the PDP joined hands the BJP in 2015.
  • “That time, it was dubbed the coming-together of the North Pole and the South Pole… Today, you are telling the other parties that you cannot come together,” he said. “The differences among the PDP, the NC and the Congress over some important issues are smaller than those between the BJP and the PDP,” he said.

General analysis of Coalition Politics

  • Coalition Politics is a time tested thing in Modern Democracy. The concept of Coalition Politics basically draws its roots from the times when warring states sometimes used to ally with each other in order to defeat of a common enemies, as in Vedic Civilization’s Dasharajnya war, Nizams& British coalition verses Marathas .
  • In recent times in India got a taste of Coalition Politics at the state level when the Left front comprising of Communist Party of India (CPI), CPI (Marxist) and others formed the first ever Coalition Government in India at West Bengal with Mr. JyotiBasu as the Chief Minister.
  • At the national level the first ever coalition government was formed under the Prime Ministership of Late ShriMorarji Desai which existed from 24th March 1977 to 15th July 1979 headed by Janata Party

Pros of Coalition Politics

  • The coalition government addresses the regional disparity more than the single party rule.
  • Coalitions provide good government because their decisions are made in the interests of a majority of the people. A coalition government better reflects the popular opinion of the electorate within a country.
  • Coalition government provides more continuity in administration. Amore consensual style of politics also allows for a more gradual and constructive shift of policy between administrations.
  • Such government functions on principle of politics of consensus. Besides, states are given more powers, and the base of concept of federalism is strengthened.
  • Government will be more consensus based: resulting policies will be broadly approved of for the benefit of the nation.
  • Better representation of the electorate’s wishes. Better quality of policy: enhanced scrutiny and increased attention paid to each policy
  • Increased continuity: election does not lead to dramatic overhaul which can produce fragmented rule
  • Coalition governments have been effective in enhancing democratic legitimacy, representativeness, and national unity.

Cons of Coalition Politics

  • Coalition government is actually less democratic as the balance of power is inevitably held by the small parties who can barter their support for concessions from the main groups within the coalition.
  • Coalition government is less transparent, because a party has no real chance of forming a government alone, the manifestos they present to the public become irrelevant and often wildly unrealistic.
  • Coalitions provide bad government because they are unable to take a long term view.