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Why in news?

  •  Recently the U.S.- based Centrer for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy (CDDEP) highlighted the issues faced by
    the India Health Sector.

Key takeaways from the report:

  •  In India, there is one government doctor for every 10,189 people (the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends a ration of 1:1,000), or there is a deficit of 6,00,000 doctors, and the nurse: patient ratio is 1:483, implying a shortage of two million nurses.
  •  High out-of-pocket medical costs to the patient are compounded by limited government spending for health services.
  •  In India, 65% of health expenditure is out-of-pocket, and such expenditures push some 57 million people into poverty each year.
  •  The study also noted that lack of access to antibiotics kills more people than anitbiotic resistance.
  •  Worlwide, the irrational use of antibiotics and poor antimicrobial stewardship lead to treatment failure.

About National Health Profile:

  •  National Health Profile (NHP) is an annual publication of the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • The first release of the annual publication was in 2005.
  •  It covers all the major information on Demography, Socio-Economic Status, Disease Morbidity & Mortality, Healthcare Finance, Human Resources in Health and Healthcare Infrastructure.
  •  NHP is an initiative which is at par with international standards of data publication

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