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  • The committee constituted by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) to enquire into the death of tiger T-1 (the official name of the tigress known as Avni) in Pandharkawada on November 2, has concluded that the dart shot to immobilise the big cat had been used about 56 hours after it was prepared, well past the recommended 24 hours.
  • The probe panel also faulted the planning and conduct of the operation that resulted in the tigress being shot and killed.

National Tiger Conservation Authority

  • NTCA is a statutory body under the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate change.
  • It was provided statutory status by the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006 which had amended Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • It addresses the administrative as well as ecological concerns for conserving tigers, by providing a statutory basis for protection of tiger reserves.
  • It also provides strengthened institutional mechanisms for the protection of ecologically sensitive areas and endangered species.
  • It ensures enforcing of guidelines for tiger conservation and monitoring compliance of the same.
  • It also places motivated and trained officers having good track record as Field Directors of tiger reserves.

Related Concept – Project Tiger

  • Aims at conserving India’s national animal i.e. Tiger.
  • Launched in 1973
  • Currently there are 50 tiger reserves
  • The tiger reserves are constituted on a core/buffer strategy.
  • The core areas have the legal status of a national park or a sanctuary, whereas the buffer or peripheral areas are a mix of forest and non-forest land, managed as a multiple use area.
  • The Project Tiger aims to foster an exclusive tiger agenda in the core areas of tiger reserves, with an inclusive people oriented agenda in the buffer.
  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change providing central assistance to the tiger States for tiger conservation in designated tiger reserves.
  • The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is a statutory body of the Ministry, with an overarching supervisory / coordination role, performing functions as provided in the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • Wild tigers are found in 18 States in India.
  • The All India tiger estimation is carried out once in every four years.

MHRD removes Kashmiri language from BhashaSangam portal



  • Kashmir-based literary bodies are up in arms against a move by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) to withdraw Kashmiri translations from its language-promoting portal, BhashaSangam, after Kashmiri Pandits objected to the “regional script” of the language.
  • The MHRD website, BhashaSangam, took down the Persian script, which is written from right to left like Urdu, and is widely used by the Muslim population of Jammu and Kashmir. However, Pandits prefer the Sharda script, which was in vogue around the 8th Century and is influenced by Sanskrit.
  • Writer M.K. Kaw was the first Kashmiri Pandit to push a proposal in 2005 before the HRD Minister to change the script. However, it was opposed in Kashmir and the proposal was shelved.


  • The government has launched a unique initiative called BhashaSangam to introduce school students to 22 Indian languages.
  • The initiative under Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat; BhashaSangam is a programme for schools and educational institutions to provide multilingual exposure to students in Indian languages.
  • Another objective of BhashaSangam is to enhance linguistic tolerance and respect and promote national integration.
  • There are 22 languages listed in Schedule VIII of the Constitution but most students are familiar with only one or two languages.

Ek  Bharat  Shreshtha  Bharat

  • Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat was announced on the occasion of the 140th birth anniversary of SardarVallabhbhai Patel on 31st October (Ekta Divas).
  • Through this innovative measure, the knowledge of the culture, traditions and practices of different states & UTs will lead to an enhanced understanding and bonding between the states, thereby strengthening the unity and integrity of India.

The Broad Objectives of the initiative are

  • To celebrate the unity in diversity of our nation and to maintain and strengthen the fabric of traditionally existing emotional bonds between the people of our country
  • To promote the spirit of national integration through a deep and structured engagement between all states and union territories through a year-long planned engagement between states.
  • To showcase the rich heritage and culture, customs and traditions of either state for enabling people to understand and appreciate the diversity that is India, thus fostering a sense of common identity.