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  • Today is World Soil Day. The day is observed annually on 5th December to focus attention on the importance of healthy soil and advocating for the sustainable management of soil resources.
  • The theme for this year’s World Soil Day is – ‘Be the Solution to Soil Pollution’.
  • Vice President said it is time that people should move towards nature and organic farming and must learn to protect the purity of soil and mother earth.
  • According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Soil holds three times as much carbon as the atmosphere and can help meet the challenges of a changing climate.
  • It said, 815 million people are food insecure and 2 billion people are nutritionally insecure, but it can be mitigated through soil.
  • 95 per cent of food comes from soil and 33 per cent of the global soils are already degraded.


Soil Health Card Scheme|| Govt initiative

  • The Centre has launched nationwide Soil Health Card Scheme to take care of Soil Health for the first time in a uniform manner to evaluate the soil fertility across the country.
  • According to Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, over 15 crore Soil Health Cards have been distributed to the farmers across the country.
  • Soil health card provides information to the farmers on fertility status of their soil and enables them to apply soil health card based recommended dosages of fertilizers including micro-nutrients, bio-fertilizers, manures as well as soil ameliorants.

It is helpful in checking the declining fertility of agriculture land and improve the fertility of soils to increase productivity besides enhancing farmers income.

EX SHINYUU Maitri-2018

The Japanese Air Self Defence Force (JASDF) is in India for a bilateral air exercise SHINYUU Maitri-18 with Indian Air at A F Station Agra.


  • The theme of the exercise is joint Mobility/Humanitarian Assistance & Disaster Relief (HADR) on Transport aircraft.
  • The focus of the exercise is set for the IAF and JASDF crews to undertake Joint Mobility/ HADR operations. Display of heavy loading/ off loading are also planned to be practiced during this exercise.


India, UAE sign two agreements, including one on currency swap

India and the United Arab Emirates have signed two agreements, including one on currency swap, during visit of the External Affairs Minister SushmaSwaraj to Abu Dhabi.

She yesterday held exhaustive discussions with her UAE counterpart Abdullah bin Zayed to step up bilateral cooperation in areas like security, defence, counter-terrorism, trade and energy.

Both the leaders co-chaired the 12th session of the India-UAE Joint Commission Meeting for Economic and Technical Cooperation.

  • What is Currency Swap?
    Currency Swap is such a pact between two countries that allows trading in their own currency and payments to import and export trade at pre-determined exchange rate without bringing in a third benchmark currency like the US dollars.
  • The second agreement would enable both sides to undertake development projects in Africa.
  • MrsSwaraj also called on Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan. He emphasized the special nature of India-UAE relations thanks to the leadership of Prime Minister NarendraModi. He stressed the importance that both nations attached values of peace and tolerance.
  • MrsSwaraj interacted with the Indian community and appreciated their contribution in enhancing relations with the UAE, which hosts a 33 lakh-strong Indian community – the largest number of Indians outside India.