1.RABARIS – THE PASTORAL COMMUNITY
- Rabaris are nomadic herders who live scattered throughout Gujarat and Rajasthan.
- Originally only camels were their source of livelihood. However, now, they keep goat, sheep,cow or buffalo. Rabaris are highly adaptive and
hence there appears to be some differences among the community, living in different locations.
- The Rabaris have permanent villages, which are occupied half the year. Also, women live in the villages as men go out with their cattle. One of the most striking features of the Rabari community is their artistic embroidery.
2.DELHI TO GET BS-VI FUEL TWO YEARS EARLY TO TACKLE POLLUTION
The Union government said, as it seeks to reduce vehicular pollution the world’s cleanest fuel Bharat Stage VI (BS-VI) will be introduced in the national capital two years earlier (by 1 April 2018) than planned and added that it is examining the possibility of introducing BS-VI fuel across the national capital region by 1 April 2019.In January last year, the Government decided to move the country up to BS-VI from the current BS-IV standards by 2020, skipping an intermediate level.
- Delhi’s air quality reached hazardous levels, prompting the state government to contemplate enforcing an odd-even scheme under which vehicles with licence plates ending in odd and even numbers would ply on the roads on alternate days.
- A 2016 report by Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, showed that cars and jeeps emit less than 10% of particulate matter, while trucks are the bigger culprits. A big contributor to Delhi’s air pollution is road dust, which accounts for about 35% of tiny particles known as PM 2.5 in the air, followed by vehicles at 25%. Other contributors are domestic cooking, power plants and industries.
- PM 2.5 are tiny particles in the air that reduce visibility and cause the air to appear hazy when levels are elevated.
- Seattle-based Global Burden of Disease Study estimates that 586,787 premature deaths in India were attributable to fine particulate matter pollution in 2013. NOx, or oxides of nitrogen, are also major pollutants. They are a family of poisonous, highly reactive gases that form when fuel is burned at high temperatures.
- Oil marketing companies are also confident that they shall be able to provide BS-VI fuel in Delhi.