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Current Affairs – 23-12-2017

1. SAHITYA AKADEMI

  • Sahitya Akademi is the Indian National Academy of Letters meant to promote the cause of Indian literature through publications, translations, seminars, workshops, cultural exchange programmes and literary meets organised all over the country.
  • The Akademi was founded in March 1954 as an autonomous body fully funded by the Department of Culture. It was registered as a Society in 1956 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. The Akademi has recognised 24 languages. It has an Advisory Board for each of the languages that suggest various programmes and publications in the concerned languages. The three fellowships by Sahitya Akademi are:-
    o Sahitya Akademi Honorary Fellowhip
    o Anand Fellowship
    o Premchand Fellowship
  • Sahitya Akademi Honorary Fellowship is the highest honour conferred by the Akademi on a writer, by electing him as its Fellow. This honour is reserved for the ‘immortals of literature’ and limited to twenty-one only at any given time.
  • Anand Fellowship instituted in 1996 in the name of the great scholar and aesthete. Dr. Ananda Coomaraswamy is offered to scholars from Asian Countries to pursue literary projects of their choice.
  • Sahitya Adademi also instituted a Fellowship named after Premchand during his 125th Brith Anniversary in 2005. This Fellowship is given to scholars doing research on Indian literature or to creative writers from the countries of the SAARC region other than India. Every year since its inception in 1954, the Sahitya Akademi Awards Prizes to the most outstanding books of literary merit published in any of the major Indian languages recognised by the Akademi.
  • The Akademi publishes books in 24 languages including translations of Award winning works, monographs on the great pioneers of Indian literature, histories of literature, Indian and foreign classics in translation, anthologies of fiction, poetry and prose, biographies, Register of Translators, Who’s Who of Indian Writers, National Bibliography of Indian Literature and Encyclopedia of Indian Literature. So far, the Akademi has published over 6,000 books in these different categories. It has three journals, Indian Literature (bi-monthly in English), Samkaleena Bharatiya Sahitya (bi-monthly in Hindi) and Samskrita Pratibha (half-yearly in Sanskrit). Every year the Akademi publishes 250-300 books on an average. It has certain special projects like the Ancient Indian Literature, Medieval Indian Literature and Modern Indian Literature together constituting ten volumes of the best of Indian writing over five millennia. It has also launched a new project Encyclopedia of Indian Poetics. Sahitya Akademi holds a number of regional, national and international seminars every year on various topics in literature, literary history and aesthetics.

2. HAMESHA VIJAYEE

In a significant show of strength, formations of Southern Command are conducting a major exercise called ‘HAMESHA VIJAYEE’ in the deserts of Rajasthan to evaluate the capability of the armed forces to strike deep into enemy territory in an integrated air-land battle.

Details

  • Unique in scope and scale, the exercise being conducted in battle like conditions, aims at fine tuning surveillance and destruction mechanisms to support precision strikes and manoeuvres by network enabled forces.
  • With emphasis on joint operations, the exercise would test robust sensor to shooter grids by employing a vast array of surveillance and air assets networked with land based strategic and tactical vectors.
  • Besides conventional warfare, troops will also be rehearsed to operate in the back drop of chemical and nuclear contingencies.
  • The exercise showcasing a high degree of synergy between the Army and Air Force along with new generation aviation assets of the army will be reviewed by a large number of senior officers of both the Services to obtain inputs for further refinement of operational procedures.
  • The Southern Command undertakes such exercises at regular intervals to ensure a high degree of battle readiness as well as validation of operational plans using modern weapons and equipment.
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