Current Affairs – 27-11-2017


The environmental Kuznets curve suggests that economic development initially leads to deterioration in the environment, but after a certain level of economic growth, a society begins to improve its relationship with the environment and levels of environmental degradation reduces.

From a very simplistic viewpoint, it can suggest that economic growth is good for the environment.

However, critics argue there is no guarantee that economic growth will lead to an improved environment – in fact, the opposite is often the case. At the least, it requires a much targeted policy and attitudes to make sure that economic growth is compatible with an improving environment.


For the first time, WHO has published guidelines to help (primarily) front-line healthcare providers give high-quality, compassionate, and respectful care to children and adolescents (up to age 18) who have or may have experienced sexual abuse, including sexual assault or rape.

About the new guidelines: The new guidelines address an important gap in providing quality and trauma-informed care to survivors by placing emphasis on the safety, wishes, autonomy of children and adolescents.

Health care providers are recommended to:

  • Provide first line support that is child or adolescent-centered and gender sensitive in response to disclosure of sexual abuse.
  • Minimize additional trauma and distress while taking medical history, conducting the examination and documenting the findings.
  • Offer HIV post-exposure prophylaxis and adherence support to those who have been raped and who present within 72 hours.
  • Offer emergency contraception to girls who have been raped and who present within 120 hours/ 5 days.
  • Consider STI presumptive treatment or prophylaxis in settings where laboratory testing is not feasible.
  • Offer Hepatitis B and HPV vaccination as per national guidance.
  • Consider cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with a trauma focus for those have PTSD symptoms and diagnosis and where safe and appropriate to do so involve at least 1 non-offending caregiver.
  • Where required to report child sexual abuse to designated authorities, health care providers should inform the child or adolescent and their non-offending caregivers about the obligation to report the abuse and the limits of confidentiality before interviewing them.

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