Current Affairs – 15-11-2017

1. GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATION TAG FOR RASAGULLA

The battle between West Bengal and Odisha for the Geographical Indication (GI) tag for the rasgulla has finally reached a conclusion, and it’s West Bengal that has emerged victorious.

What is a Geographical Indication (GI) tag?

A name or sign used on certain products which coincides to a specific geographical location or origin is a geographical indication (GI). The purpose of a geographical indication may act as admittance that the product possesses certain attributes, is made according to traditional methods, or enjoys a certain prominence due to its geographical origin.

Who accords and regulates GI tags?

Geographical Indications are covered as a component of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. At the International level, GI is governed by World Trade Organisation’s (WTO’s) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). In India, Geographical Indications registration is administered by the Geographical Indications of goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 which came into force with effect from September 2003. The first product in India to be accorded with GI tag was Darjeeling tea.

For what type of products can geographical indications be used?
Geographical indications are typically used for agricultural products, foodstuffs, wine and spirit drinks, handicrafts, and industrial products.

Significance of GI Tag

A geographical indication right facilitates those who have the right to use the indication to prohibit its usage by a third party whose product does not conform to the applicable standards. For example, in the purview in which the Darjeeling geographical indication is protected, producers of Darjeeling tea can omit the term “Darjeeling” for tea not grown in their tea gardens or not produced according to the norms set out in the code of practice for the geographical indication. However, a protected geographical indication does not permit the holder to forbid someone from making a product using the same approaches as those set out in the standards for that indication. Protection for a geographical indication is usually procured by acquiring a right over the sign that constitutes the indication.

2. US APPROVES FIRST PILL WITH DIGITAL TRACKING DEVICE

  • US regulators have approved the first pill that contains a digital tracking sensor to alert doctors and caregivers as to whether a patient is taking the medication as scheduled.
  • The pill, called Abilify MyCite (aripiprazole tablets with sensor), is designed for patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression, according to the US Food and Drug Administration.
  • A patient ingests the pill, and a sensor inside the pill activates when it reaches the stomach fluids, sending a message to a wearable patch.
  • This patch then transmits the information to a mobile app, so that a doctor and up to four caregivers, friends or family members can see the information through a web-based portal.
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